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Fountail and Rail
Image by beaucon
As a spry 10 year old, I always saw the ornate railing around the courthouse fish pond as more of a suggestion than an impediment, and now I have tried to capture how the lure of the fountain drew me to the forbidden side of the barrier. Surely one can clearly see that all the magic happens inside the rails.
Today goldfish no longer swim on the other side of the fence, but years ago, we knew that winter was officially over when they were returned to their pool. The fish could stand a light freeze, but the pond, a term that illustrates the difference in scale between the world of a child and an adult. I’ve told the story you are about to hear, for most of a lifetime and only now recognize how silly I’ve been to refer to this location as the courthouse pond. In any event the fountain would freeze solid during the winter and so the fish were removed to an undisclosed secure location for the very coldest months. I remember thinking how kind it was of the unknown Samaritan to save these creatures from certain death, and I was always curious about where they went every year. Growing up in a neighborhood of densely packed brick row homes, and not having the slighted idea that some people may actually have enough property to support a fish pond, I always surmised that someone must have a spare bathroom where the fish went for the winter. In retrospect I assume that the goldfish were merely transferred to a real pond, one where they could survive because its bottom was well below the freeze line. Surely the Samaritan merely netted up a few juveniles every year and placed them in their courthouse home to tempt me past the railing. However it happened we children were happy that the fish were rescued and delighted when they returned.
Now days, I am sure the fountain is always the same crystal aquamarine that you see in the photo, but back then its color changed with the season. In the Spring, before the fish returned, the fountain would be scrubbed clean. I don’t recall that it was actually painted, it may have been, but, I think the fountain itself was just a very neat cement color and the blue was a gift that the sky gave to the fish. Then, as the seasons progressed, the gold fish made their contribution to the ecosystem and by the time we returned in September the sloping walls of the fountain wore a sleek coat of green. Later as the oaks shed their leaves, the water would become tea stained and shortly thereafter the fish would head to Miami or the bathroom or somewhere. Without the fish to keep it under control the algae would soon become fury, a process that came to a gradual halt with the onset of really cold weather. From Christmas until Spring cleaning, the fountain was certainly not the sort or place any self respecting fish would chose for a swim. I know I never wanted to swim in it.
… to be continued
delighting “me” always
Image by Shaojin+AT
delighting "me" always
Picture: I suppose to focus my camera on the sculpture instead of on the pink lady. However, I was surprised when I got home with this result, my camera chosen to focus on pink lady! It is delighting me!!!
Canon, delighting you always…
Location: 798 Art Zone, Beijing. China
798 Art Zone (Chinese: 798艺术区; pinyin: 798 Yìshùqū), or Dashanzi Art District, is a part of Dashanzi in the Chaoyang District of Beijing that houses a thriving artistic community, among 50-year old decommissioned military factory buildings of unique architectural style. It is often compared with New York’s Greenwich Village or SoHo.
The area is often called the 798 Art District or Factory 798 although technically, Factory #798 is only one of several structures within a complex formerly known as Joint Factory 718. The buildings are located inside alleys number 2 and 4 on Jiǔxiānqiáo Lù (酒仙桥路), south of the Dàshānziqiáo flyover (大山子桥).
798 Space gallery, Jan,2009. Old Maoist slogans are visible on the ceiling arches.
The Dashanzi factory complex began as an extension of the "Socialist Unification Plan" of military-industrial cooperation between the Soviet Union and the newly formed People’s Republic of China. By 1951, 156 "joint factory" projects had been realized under that agreement, part of the Chinese government’s first Five-Year Plan. However the People’s Liberation Army still had a dire need of modern electronic components, which were produced in only two of the joint factories. The Russians were unwilling to undertake an additional project at the time, and suggested that the Chinese turn to East Germany from which much of the Soviet Union’s electronics equipment was imported. So at the request of then-Premier Zhou Enlai, scientists and engineers joined the first Chinese trade delegation to East Germany in 1951, visiting a dozen factories. The project was greenlighted in early 1952 and a Chinese preparatory group was sent to East Berlin to prepare design plans. This project, which was to be the largest by East Germany in China, was then informally known as Project #157.
The architectural plans were left to the Germans, who chose a functional Bauhaus-influenced design over the more ornamental Soviet style, triggering the first of many disputes between the German and Russian consultants on the project. The plans, where form follows function, called for large indoor spaces designed to let the maximum amount of natural light into the workplace. Arch-supported sections of the ceiling would curve upwards then fall diagonally along the high slanted banks or windows; this pattern would be repeated several times in the larger rooms, giving the roof its characteristic sawtooth-like appearance. Despite Beijing’s northern location, the windows were all to face north because the light from that direction would cast fewer shadows.
The chosen location was a 640,000 square metres area in Dashanzi, then a low-lying patch of farmland northeast of Beijing. The complex was to occupy 500,000 square metres, 370,000 of which were allocated to living quarters. It was officially named Joint Factory 718, following the Chinese government’s method of naming military factories starting with the number 7. Fully funded by the Chinese side, the initial budget was enormous for the times: 9 million rubles or approximately 140 million RMB (US million) at today’s rates; actual costs were 147 million RMB.
Ground was broken in April 1954. Construction was marked by disagreements between the Chinese, Soviet and German experts, which led at one point to a six-month postponement of the project. The Germans’ harshest critic was the Russian technology consultant in charge of Beijing’s two Soviet-built electronics factories (714 and 738), who was also head consultant of the Radio Industrial Office of the Second Ministry of Machine Building Industry. The disputes generally revolved around the Germans’ high but expensive quality standards for buildings and machines, which were called "over-engineering" by the Russians. Among such points of contention was the Germans’ insistence, historical seismic data in hand, that the buildings be built to withstand earthquakes of magnitude 8 on the Richter scale, whereas the Chinese and Russians wanted to settle for 7. Communications expert Wang Zheng, head of Communications Industry in the Chinese Ministry of National Defense and supporter the East German bid from the start, ruled in favor of the Germans for this particular factory.
At the height of the construction effort, more than 100 East German foreign experts worked on the project. The resources of as many as 22 of their factories supplied the construction; at the same time, supply delays were caused by the Soviet Red Army’s tremendous drain on East Germany’s industrial production. The equipment was transported directly through the Soviet Union via the Trans-Siberian railway, and a 15 km track of railroad between Beijing Railway Station and Dongjiao Station was built especially to service the factory. Caltech-educated scientist Dr. Luo Peilin (罗沛霖), formerly head of the preparatory group in 1951-1953, was Head Engineer of Joint Factory 718 during its construction phase. Dr. Luo, now retired in Beijing, is remembered by his former colleagues as a dedicated perfectionist whose commitment to the obstacle-strewn project was a major factor of its eventual success.
Joint Factory 718 began production in 1957, amid a grandiose opening ceremony and display of Communist brotherhood between China and East Germany, attended by high officials of both countries. The first director was Li Rui (李瑞), who had been involved in the early negotiations in Berlin.
The factory quickly established a reputation for itself as one of the best in China. Through its several danwei or "work units", it offered considerable social benefits to its 10,000-20,000 workers, especially considering the relative poverty of the country during such periods as the Great Leap Forward. The factory boasted, among others:
the best housing available to workers in Beijing, providing fully furnished rooms to whole families for less than 1/30 of the workers’ income;
diverse extracurricular activities such as social and sporting events, dancing, swimming, and training classes;
its own athletics, soccer, basketball and volleyball teams for men and women, ranked among the best in inter-factory competitions;
a brigade of German-made motorcycles, performing races and stunt demonstrations;
an orchestra that played not only revolutionary hymns, but also German-influenced classical Western music;
literary clubs and publications, and a library furnished with Chinese and foreign (German) books;
Jiuxianqiao hospital, featuring German equipment and offering the most advanced dental facilities in China.
The factory even had its own volunteer military reserves or jinweishi (近卫师), which numbered hundreds and were equipped with large-scale weapons and anti-aircraft guns.
Workers’ skills were honed by frequent personnel exchanges, internships and training in cooperation with East Germany. Different incentives kept motivation high, such as rewards systems and "model worker" distinctions. At the same time, political activities such as Maoism study workshops kept the workers in line with Communist Party of China doctrine. During the Cultural revolution, propaganda slogans for Mao Zedong Thought were painted on the ceiling arches in bright red characters (where they remain today at the latter tenants’ request).
Frequent VIP visits contributed to the festive atmosphere. Notable guests included Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De, and Kim Il-Sung.
The Joint Factory produced a wide variety of military and civilian equipment. Civilian production included acoustic equipment for Beijing’s Workers’ Stadium and Great Hall of the People, as well as all the loudspeakers on Tiananmen Square and Chang’an Avenue. Military components were also exported to China’s Communist allies, and helped establish North Korea’s wireless electronics industry.
One of the old machine tools in front of some contemporary art in Dec 2005
After 10 years of operation, Joint Factory 718 was split into more manageable components, such as sub-Factories 706, 707, 751, 761, 797 and 798. The first Head of sub-Factory 798 (the largest) was Branch Party Secretary Fu Ke (傅克), who played a major role in recruiting skilled workers from southern China and among returned overseas Chinese.
However, the factory came under pressure during Deng Xiaoping’s reforms of the 1980s. Deprived of governmental support like many state-owned enterprises, it underwent a gradual decline and was eventually rendered obsolete. By the late 1980s and early 1990s, most sub-factories had ceased production, 60% of the workers had been laid off, and the remains of the management were reconstituted as a real-estate operation called "Seven-Star Huadian Science and Technology Group", charged with overseeing the industrial park and finding tenants for the abandoned buildings.
The Dashanzi factory complex was vacated at around the time when most of Beijing’s contemporary artist community was looking for a new home. Avant-garde art being frowned upon by the government, the community had traditionally existed on the fringes of the city. From 1984 to 1993, they worked in run-down houses near the Old Summer Palace (Yuanmingyuan) in northwestern Beijing, until their eviction. They had then moved to the eastern Tongxian County (now Tongzhou District), more than an hour’s drive from the city center.
Then in 1995, Beijing’s Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA), looking for cheap, ample workshop space away from downtown, set up in the now defunct Factory 706. The temporary move became permanent and in 2000 Sui Jianguo(隋建国), Dean of the Department of Sculpture, located his own studio in the area. The cluttered sculpture workshops have always remained open for visitors to peek at the dozens of workers milling about.
In 2001, Texan Robert Bernell moved his Timezone 8 Art Books bookshop and publishing office (founded in 1997) into a former factory canteen; he was the first foreigner to move in. One of Timezone 8’s early employees was fashion designer Xiao Li, who along her husband, performance artist Cang Xin, helped artists secure and rent spaces in the area.
Through word-of-mouth, artists and designers started trickling in, attracted to the vast cathedral-like spaces. Despite the lack of any conscious aesthetic in the Bauhaus-inspired style, which grounded architectural beauty in practical, industrial function, the swooping arcs and soaring chimneys had an uplifting effect on modern eyes, a sort of post-industrial chic. At the artists’ requests, workers renovating the spaces preserved the prominent Maoist slogans on the arches, adding a touch of ironic "Mao kitsch" to the place.
Later that year, Mr. Tabata Yukihito from Japan’s Tokyo Gallery set up Beijing Tokyo Art Projects (BTAP, 北京东京艺术工程) inside a 400-m² division of Factory 798’s main area; this was the first renovated space featuring the high arched ceilings that would become synonymous with the Art District. BTAP’s 2002 opening exhibition "Beijing Afloat" (curator: Feng Boyi), drew a crowd of over 1,000 people and marked the beginning of the popular infatuation with the area.
In 2002, designer artist Huang Rui (黄锐) and hutong photographer Xu Yong (徐勇) set up the 798 Space gallery (时态空间) next to BTAP. With its cavernous 1200-m² floor and multiple-arched ceilings at the center of Factory 798, it was and still is the symbolic center of the whole district. (Huang and Xu since designed at least seven spaces in the area and became the prime movers and de facto spokespersons of the District.) A glass-fronted café was set up in the former office section at the back of the 798 space, opening into a back alley now lined with studios and restaurants such as Huang’s own At Café, and Cang Xin’s #6 Sichuan restaurant, the area’s "canteen".
In 2003, Lu Jie (卢杰) set up the Long March Foundation, an ongoing project for artistic re-interpretation of the historical Long March, inside the 25,000 Li Cultural Transmission Center (二万五千里文化传播中心). Around that time, Singapore-owned China Art Seasons (北京季节画廊) opened for display for pan-Asian art, and was one of several new galleries setting up at that time.
Source from: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/798_Art_Zone
That Was the Year That Was – 1964
Image by brizzle born and bred
1964 was a year of considerable change in Britain, with the abolition of hanging and a new economic confidence.
Culturally, Britannia was ruling the waves with The Beatles, The Kinks and The Rolling Stones topping the charts.
Ambitious plans were agreed with the French government for a Channel Tunnel to be built by the end of the decade
It was a time of great change as Britain had finally shed its post-war austerity and looked forward with a new confidence and prosperity.
The year was one of major upheaval in British history. National Service had been abolished in 1960 but the final troops involved on their compulsory military tour of duty were not sent home until the end of December 1963.
Unlike their fathers and grandfathers, teenagers in 1964 were not facing the prospect of a European war and increasing living standards allowed them a disposable income.
The Labour leader, Harold Wilson, entered the 1964 campaign determined to end "13 wasted years" under the Tories.
The populist Wilson seemed to reflect the public mood for change. The Conservative leader, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, was widely perceived as a distant, awkward aristocrat. Nevertheless, Wilson won only a tiny majority; another election seemed imminent.
By the time of the 1964 general election, the Conservative Party had been in power for 13 years. Since Prime Minister Harold Macmillan’s election victory in 1959, Conservative fortunes had plummeted.
The buoyant economy that led to Macmillan’s election was faltering by 1961. The following year, in a bid to restore his popularity, Macmillan sacked seven members of his cabinet in a move dubbed the "Night of the Long Knives". It was a ploy that failed. The Government ran into further problems when Britain’s application to join the Common Market was rejected by the French President, Charles de Gaulle.
Scandal added to the Government’s woes when John Profumo, the Minister for War, was forced to resign after he admitted lying to Parliament over his involvement with the call girl, Christine Keeler. The Government looked tired, embattled and increasingly out of step with the public mood.
In 1964, an ailing socialist broadsheet, ‘The Daily Herald’, was re-launched as ‘The Sun’ and in 1968 the owners (Reed International) put it up for sale. Of the two bidders (the other being Labour MP, Robert Maxwell), Murdoch won with a bid for £800,000. In 1967 he had already purchased the ‘News of the World’.
The new ‘Sun’ re-launched in 1969 and became a spicier version of ‘The Mirror’. The very first issue carried a photo of the Rolling Stones with a naked female. Sex was to be the main ingredient of the paper. Soft porn came to fill almost every page together with lurid sex stories. Within 100 days, circulation had jumped from 850,000 to 1.5 million. By 1987 the paper was making £1 million a week These profits were pumped into BSkyB and Fox, subesquently turning them into the two biggest pillars of the Murdoch empire today.
What’s on TV?
The Magic Roundabout, The Rolling Stones, The Beatles, My Fair Lady and The Pink Panther, Mary Poppins was there any other year in the fabulous 1960’s which produced so many entertainment trendsetters as 1964?
On TV for the first time, in the domestic comedy Bewitched, the nation was delighted to meet long-suffering Darrin and his
wife Samantha, the most attractive witch to ever ride a broomstick.
The Crossroads motel, which featured Brummie accents for the first time on TV, The Magic Roundabout opened its doors and Dougal, Zebedee and Florence delighted children and adults alike by taking us for a ride on The Magic Roundabout, one of the most successful children’s shows ever seen on TV.
In January, Steptoe and Son, an unlikely comedy written by Ray Galton and Alan Simpson about a family rag and bone business, was declared Britain’s most popular TV show. With battling father and son wonderfully portrayed by Wilfred Bramble and Harry H.Corbett the show went on to become something of an institution. It was claimed that 26 million viewers in 9,653,000 homes had tuned in to the latest series.
Labour leader Harold Wilson secretly lobbied the BBC to change the time of popular comedy Steptoe and Son on the night of the 1964 election because he feared working class voters would stay at home and watch the show instead of supporting his candidates.
According to new archive footage held by the BBC, Mr Wilson went to the home of BBC Director General Sir Hugh Greene and told him the show could cost him 20 seats.
Mr Wilson was leader of the opposition and was seeking to oust the Conservative Prime Minister Alec Douglas Home. The Labour leader thought the planned repeat of the sit-com starring Harry H Corbett and Wilfrid Brambell would hit them badly.
Much excitement was caused when a new TV channel appeared in 1964 and BBC 2 was born. Play School, the first programme to be screened, took us through the window to meet Little Ted and Big Ted, plus kids all-time favourite presenter Johnny Ball, who grew up in Kingswood, Bristol.
A lighter, much more transportable TV set, with an 11-inch screen and weighing only 16 lbs, appeared in the shops in August. These sets received BOTH ITV and BBC services on special “rabbits ears” aerials. If you couldn’t afford a telly, and many couldn’t 60 years ago, you could hire one for six shillings and sixpence a week.
UK TV Adverts from 1964 Including: Kellogg’s Corn Flakes, Dual Floor Polish, Goodyear G8 Tyres, Surf Washing Powder, BSM School Of Motoring, St Bruno Pipe Tobacco, Brolac Paint, Fairy Washing Up Liquid, Body Mist Deodorant and S & H Pink Stamps.
Sport on TV
Sports fans weren’t forgotten. On the 22 August 22, they were treated to the voice of Kenneth Wolstenholme and the very first Match of the Day. A paltry 50,000 viewers tuned in to watch Liverpool beat Arsenal 3-2. But very often all the fans got were recorded highlights rather than live action. It didn’t transfer from minority channel BBC 2 to the mainstream BBC 1 until after the World Cup triumph of 1966.
1964 was, of course the year of the Tokyo Olympics. We won four gold medals. Mary Rand from Wells (who was also named BBC sports personality of the year) won the long jump, Anne Parker and Lynn Davies the 800 metres and Ken Mathews the 20km race walk.
1964 was a golden year for pop music. The Rolling Stones, The Dave Clark Five, Liverpool’s The Swinging Blue Jeans, Manchester’s The Hollies and the late Dusty Springfield launched a BBC ﬂagship Top of the Pops. Coming from its first home, a converted Manchester church.
The Beatles had by 1964 already toured the country to unbelievably hysterical scenes and were at their peak, scoring number one hits with Can’t buy me Love, A Hard Day’s Night and I Feel Fine. In February Beatle-mania gripped the US as the Fab Four took the place by storm, capturing the ﬁrst five places in the singles charts as well as the top two positions in the album listings. In July, 10,000 screaming teenage fans thronged London’s West End as Princess Margaret arrived for the Premiere of their first film A Hard Day’s Night.
Even before Pan Am flight 101 touched down at JFK Airport in New York it was obvious that The Beatles had already conquered the American market. In January ‘I want to hold your hand’ sold half a million records in less than a fortnight, and is number one in the USA at the start of February.
A crowd of 3,000 screaming fans waits for the arrival of the Fab Four; the LP ‘Meet the Beatles’ hits number one at the end of January and stays there for almost three months; before they land music stations throughout the country are playing Beatles songs more than anybody else’s, and after they land some stations play almost nothing else for days.
Once installed in their hotel in New York, The Plaza, the band is to all intents and purposes under siege by fans eager to see them, or seemingly to rip them limb from limb given the chance.
The highlight of the brief trip to the USA comes on February 9 , with their appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show. There are 728 seats available for the show; 50,000 apply for them. The Beatles play five songs, opening with ‘All my Loving’ and closing with ‘I Want to Hold your Hand’, with much screaming to accompany every note.
According to TV ratings company Nielsen their appearance on the show was seen by 73 million viewers. Beatlemania had arrived with a bang.
More than 300 people are injured in Liverpool when a crowd of some 150,000 people welcome The Beatles back to their home city.
The Beatles gain the Christmas number one for the second year running with I Feel Fine, which has topped the singles charts for the third week running. The Beatles have now had six number ones in the United Kingdom alone.
The Rolling Stones, founded by Cheltenham blues fanatic Brian Jones and fronted by the energetic, rubber lips, Mick Jagger, had their first top 10 hit with Not Fade Away.
Talented songwriters, the Davies brothers, came up with the
Kinks’ first hit, You really Got Me, and a sensational young Scots lass with a husky voice called Lulu had a smash with that Isley Brothers favourite Shout.
For these young people, recently dubbed teenagers, Bob Dylan described the situation pretty accurately when he sang ‘The Times They Are A-Changin’, released in January 1964.
For those wanting to hear more pop music than was available via the BBC (which wasn’t much until Radio One came along)
Radio Caroline, the first pirate ship, began broadcasting from
international waters in March. It was legal, just, but the government didn’t like it. In May, the vessel was joined by Radio Atlanta.
The United Kingdom held a national selection to choose the song that would go to the Eurovision Song Contest 1964. It was held on 7 February 1964 and presented by David Jacobs.
"I Love the Little Things" by Matt Monro won the national and went on to come 2nd in the contest.
Film-goers that memorable year were not disappointed. Sean Connery’s James Bond battled it out with Goldfinger, while Ian Fleming, James Bond’s creator, died of a heart attack in August aged just 56. The big romance of the year was the March marriage of glamorous movie stars Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton.
In October the Labour Party, with canny pipe- smoking Yorkshireman Harold Wilson at the helm of a national economic plan, regained power after 13 years of Tory rule.
1964: ‘Great Train Robbers’ get 300 years
Some of the longest sentences in British criminal history have been imposed on men involved in the so-called "Great Train Robbery".
Sentences totalling 307 years were passed on 12 men who stole £2.6m in used bank notes after holding up the night mail train travelling from Glasgow to London last August.
The judge at Buckinghamshire Assizes in Aylesbury, Mr Justice Edmund Davies, said it would be "positively evil" if he showed leniency.
The robbery was the biggest-ever carried out in Britain.
Violent disturbances between Mods and Rockers at Clacton beach
Gang fights have gone on in Britain for centuries; but in the mid-1960s a tribal element arrived on the scene in the form of Mods and Rockers.
Mods were cool: they wore Italian-style suits beneath badge-bedecked parkas; they had carefully coiffed hair; rode Lambretta and Vespa scooters; and listened to new bands like The Who and The Small Faces and ska greats like Prince Buster. Rockers were grungier: they wore leathers as befitted ton-up bikers; had long and often greasy hair; and were fans of Elvis, Buddy Holly and Gene Vincent.
The two tribes went to war first – at least in a large scale fight – in Clacton over Easter 1964. But the Whitsun weekend of May 18 and 19 saw things escalate hugely. There were battles in Broadstairs , Bournemouth , Hastings , Margate , Clacton again, and most notably in Brighton . Thousands from each side had gathered in theory for a seaside break that turned into turf battles: deckchairs were a weapon of convenience; flick-knives favoured by many Mods; bike-chains by Rockers.
As ever the poor police stood between the factions and had bottles thrown at them.
Middle Britain panicked into thinking civilisation was coming to an end. It didn’t; but hundreds of teenagers were fined, and some had short prison sentences for their part in the violence.
Moors murders: A missing persons investigation is launched in Fallowfield, Manchester, as police search for twelve-year-old Keith Bennett, who went missing on the previous evening.
Peter Anthony Allen, at Walton Prison in Liverpool, and Gwynne Owen Evans, at Strangeways Prison in Manchester, are hanged for the murder of John Alan West on 7 April, the last executions to take place in the British Isles.
On the local front, Avonmouth’s 1,500 dockers walked out on strike in January. The same month, the Lord Mayor of Bristol opened the first of five tower blocks to be built at Hartcliffe and in March Mr Marples announced the route of the M5 motorway through Gloucestershire and Somerset. In July, as the school holidays started, it was reported that there were 100 miles of trafﬁc jams on the A38, then still the main route from the Midlands to the South-West.
1964 The Cost of Living
TV Rental for a 17 inch TV from Derwent’s of Park St. was six shillings and six pence (6s 6d) a week and for a giant 19 inch, nine shillings and seven pence. (9s 7d) At John James shops, the best deal in town, a set cost just four shillings if you rented it over three years. New TV’s were expensive in 1964. John James were offering a top 19 inch model with 625 lines for 68 guineas. Average wages at the time were anything from £10 to £15 a week. Having said that you could buy an ordinary model for a modest 29 Guineas. . ‘
Package holidays had started to boom in 1964. Everybody was mad about them because it gave you the chance to ﬂy for the first time and experience a ‘foreign’ holiday in the sun. "
Top Bristol travel agents Hourmont were offering 15 days away in Majorca for £41 -10s or the same time in Benidorn on the Costa Blanca for £43.00. At the cheaper end of the market LEP Travel could offer the same holiday for £29-18-0. Four days in Paris – ﬂying from Lulsgate – would only set you back £19.00.
In 1964 you could buy a terraced Victorian house in Totterdown for £1 ,300 or an established house in leafy Westbury Park for about £5,000. Somewhere cosy in Eastville was about £2,000 and an ordinary three-bedroom semi about £3,000. But there were bargains to be had if you had money in the bank and a little foresight. An eight-room house in Clifton-wood, in need of renovation but overlooking the docks, was advertised for £800 — cash in hand only.
High street prices
A trip to a good hairdressers has always been expensive. In 1964 a perm could cost you 42 shillings, just over £2.00, while that fur trimmed coat from C&As would set you back seven guineas. ‘
Furnishing your house? You could bring home a modern Scandinavian three-piece suite forjust 32 guineas. lf, however, you were happy with an ordinary fireside chair, you’d get one from a department store for £8-10s-0d.
A state-of-the-art automatic washing machine, not a twin tub, cost a whopping £50.00.
A new baby? Horwoods in Old Market were selling top line prams for £17-19-6.
On the Roads in 1964 there were just a few sections of Motorway open but a big construction of the motorway system was underway seeing more sections opening each year.
Those actually open in 1964 were as follows:
M1 Junctions 5 to 18, M2 Junctions 2 to 5, M4 The Chiswick flyover (Junction 1) and Junctions 5 to 9, M5 Junctions 4 to 8, M6 Junctions 13 to 35, M20 Junctions 5 to 8 and the M45, M63 and M10 were complete.
Latest cars on the road in 1964 included the Vauxhall Viva and the Ford Anglia the Cortina also being a very popular car of the time.
The Forth Road Bridge was opened and in 1965 the Severn Bridge was opened.
If you were lucky enough to fly in 1964 you would of probably flown by BOAC ( British Overseas Airways Corporation ) or BEA (British European Airways ) and the VC 10 was the latest aeroplane.
Ford Anglias were all the rage in 1964. A second hand one cost £490.00. A new Mini would set you back about £448 and a popular Triumph Herald £515.
Announcement that American car manufacturer Chrysler is taking a substantial share in the British Rootes Group combine, which includes the Hillman, Singer and Sunbeam marques.
Daihatsu becomes the first Japanese car-maker to import passenger cars to the United Kingdom, launching its Compagno on the British market.
Beer & Fags
Beer was between 1/6 and 2/0 a pint; a double whisky or other spirit was rather more. Indeed, in those days spirit drinkers usually kept out of rounds and bought their own.
Smoking was still extremely popular in 1964, nearly 70% of men and around 40% of women smoked. The most popular brand in the UK was "Embassy Filter".
One old shilling (1/0) was worth 5 new pence.
Government figures show that the average weekly wage is £16. £10 banknotes are issued for the first time since the Second World War.
Teen girls’ magazine Jackie first published.
The final edition of the left-wing Daily Herald newspaper is published. The Sun newspaper goes into circulation, replacing the Daily Herald.
Fred Trueman – ‘Fiery Fred’ – was one of England’s greatest cricketers, becoming the first English bowler to take 300 test wickets when he dismissed Australian batsman Neil Hawke in the Oval test of 1964, Colin Cowdray taking the catch at slip.
Typically of his career he was coming back after having been dropped for the previous match (at Old Trafford ). This was doubtless partly as he was past his very best – though a mediocre Trueman was better than many subsequent England quicks at the top of their game – partly as he rarely found favour with the gentleman amateurs who still had a major say in the sport both at Yorkshire and in the England set-up.
Had he perish the thought been subservient he would probably have played another dozen tests or so.
There was little that was conventional about Fred Trueman , except perhaps his classically smooth bowling action.
Through his career he regularly managed to get on the wrong side of many blazer-bedecked committee types who ran cricket “In my day” as he would have said with his favourite post-career phrase. As a summariser on Test Match Special he continued to annoy some of the playing establishment, never one to water down deserved criticism, especially of lack of effort, thought or heart – “I don’t know what’s going off” his exasperated response to such moments.
Trueman was indefatigable, and achieved his 300 wickets by bending his back – not like some by bending his arm.
Liverpool win the Football League First Division for the sixth time in their history.
West Ham United win the FA Cup for the first time in their history, beating Preston North End 3-2 at Wembley Stadium.
5 April 1964 – Tottenham captain Danny Blanchflower, 38, announced his retirement from playing.
8 April 1964 – Blackburn Rovers are announced as England’s participant in the 1964 edition of the International Soccer League.
11 April 1964 – Scotland beat England 1–0 in the British Home Championship to leave the two level on four points in the final table. Northern Ireland subsequently defeated Wales to finish level on points with the other two, thus ensuring that the title was shared between three nations.
12 April 1964 – The Sunday People publishes allegations that lead to a betting scandal. It reported that Mansfield Town player Jimmy Gauld had, over several years, systematically engaged in match fixing, and that many other players were involved.
18 April 1964 – Liverpool beat Arsenal 5–0 at Anfield to secure the title. In their penultimate game of the season, Ipswich Town lose 3–1 to Blackburn Rovers, confirming their relegation two years after winning the League championship.
22 April 1964 – Leicester City win the League Cup – their first major trophy – with a 4–3 aggregate victory over Stoke City.
25 April 1964 – On the final day of the Second Division season, Leeds United win 2–0 at Charlton Athletic and Sunderland fail to beat Grimsby Town, meaning Leeds were crowned champions.
2 May 1964 – West Ham United beat Preston North End 3–2 at Wembley to win the FA Cup for the first time. Trailing 2–1 going into the final minutes of the match, West Ham scored two goals in as many minutes to the deny Preston.
All schools in Aberdeen are closed following 136 cases of typhoid being reported.
Terence Conran opens the first Habitat store on London’s Fulham Road.
"Pirate" radio station Radio Sutch begins broadcasting from Shivering Sands Army Fort in the Thames Estuary.
Official opening of the UK’s first undercover shopping centre, at the Bull Ring, Birmingham.
The Post Office Tower in London is completed, although it does not begin operation until October 1965.
Some 90% of British households now own a television, compared to around 25% in 1953 and 65% in 1959.
The first successful Minicomputer, Digital Equipment Corporation’s 12-bit PDP-8, is marketed.
Toy of the year: Mr Potato Head
1964 as the war in Vietnam and US Congress Authorizes war against N Vietnam more American servicemen were dying, and after three civil rights workers were murdered in Mississippi the president signed the Civil Rights act of 1964 but this did not stop the violence as it continued to increase in many American Cities.
Lyndon Johnson was also returned to power after a landslide victory. This was also the year The Beatles took the world and America by storm and Beatlemania went into overdrive as they released a series of number one hits including "I want to hold your hand" , "All my Loving" . Other British groups also found success including The Rolling Stones and The Animals and together with the American Talent of The Supremes and Bob Dylan many say this was one of the greatest years for music in the last century.
Also one young loud talented boxer by the name of Cassius Clay won the Boxing World heavyweight championship from Sonny Liston.
1964 World Headlines
13 Jan – Riots in Calcutta leave more than 100 dead
More than 100 people have been killed following Hindu-Muslim rioting in the Indian city of Calcutta.
06 Feb – Green light for Channel Tunnel
The British and French Governments have announced their commitment to build a tunnel under the English Channel.
07 Feb – Beatlemania arrives in the US
The four members of the British hit band, the Beatles, have arrived in New York at the start of their first tour of the United States.
12 Feb – Deaths follow Cyprus truce breach
Fighting between ethnic Turks and Greeks in the disputed island of Cyprus has left at least 16 people dead.
25 Feb – Cassius Clay crowned world champion
Cassius Clay, 22, has been crowned heavyweight champion of the world after beating Sonny Liston in one of the biggest upsets in boxing’s history.
29 Feb – Royal baby for leap year day
The Queen’s cousin, Princess Alexandra, has given birth to a son at her home in Surrey.
12 Mar – Hoffa faces eight years behind bars
The president of the powerful American Teamsters union has been sentenced to eight years in jail on bribery charges.
14 Mar – Jack Ruby sentenced to death
Jack Ruby has been sentenced to death after being found guilty of the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of President John F Kennedy.
19 Mar – ‘Ambitious’ plans for south east
Three new cities are proposed for south east England as part of the largest regional expansion plan in Britain. The ‘new towns’ eventually created were Milton Keynes, Havant and Basingstoke.
16 Apr – ‘Great Train Robbers’ get 300 years
Some of the longest sentences in British criminal history have been imposed on men involved in the so-called "Great Train Robbery".
14 May – Nasser and Khrushchev divert the Nile
President Gamal Abdul Nasser of Egypt and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev have marked the first stage in the building of the Aswan High Dam.
27 May – Light goes out in India as Nehru dies
Jawaharlal Nehru, founder of modern India and its current prime minister, has died suddenly at the age of 74.
12 Jun – Nelson Mandela jailed for life
The leader of the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa, Nelson Mandela, has been jailed for life for sabotage
17 Jun – Japan trade fair floats into London
The first purpose-built floating trade fair has docked at Tilbury in London with 22,000 samples of Japanese goods on board.
02 Jul – President Johnson signs Civil Rights Bill
The Civil Rights Bill – one of the most important piece of legislation in American history – has become law.
04 Aug – Three civil rights activists found dead
The bodies of three civil rights workers missing for six weeks have been found buried in a partially constructed dam near Philadelphia, Mississippi.
10 Aug – Guns fall silent in Cyprus
The United Nations has brokered another ceasefire in Cyprus, defusing the growing crisis between Greek and Turkish Cypriots and heading off the threat of invasion by Turkey.
04 Sep – Forth Road Bridge opened
The Queen has officially opened Europe’s longest suspension bridge linking Edinburgh to Perth across the River Forth.
15 Sep – The Sun newspaper is born
The Sun newspaper is published today for the first time.
It is replacing the Mirror Group’s Daily Herald, which has been losing readers and advertising revenue for several years.
28 Sep – Kennedy murder was ‘no conspiracy’
There was no conspiracy surrounding the death of President Kennedy but there were serious failures by those responsible for his protection, according to a government report.
12 Oct – Labour voters are ‘bonkers’ says Hogg
A senior Conservative minister has stolen the show at the Conservative news conference by branding all Labour voters "bonkers".
Quintin Hogg, Lord President of the Council and Secretary for Education and Science, made his quip after mounting a stinging attack on Labour’s policies.
15 Oct – Khrushchev ‘retires’ as head of USSR
Nikita Khrushchev has unexpectedly stepped down as leader of the Soviet Union.
25 Oct – President Kaunda takes power in Zambia
Zambia has become the ninth African state to gain independence from the British crown.
03 Nov – Election triumph for Lyndon B Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson has been elected president of the United States defeating hard-line Republican Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona by an overwhelming majority.
23 Dec – Beeching to leave British Railways
The chairman of the British Railways Board is to part company with the organisation and return to his post at Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI).
31 Dec – Campbell speeds to double record
Donald Campbell has broken the world water speed record, becoming the first man to break the world land and water speed records in the same year.
100 most popular hits in the UK singles music charts in 1964
01 Jim Reeves – I Love You Because
02 Jim Reeves – I Won’t Forget You
03 Roy Orbison – It’s Over
04 Roy Orbison – Oh Pretty Woman
05 The Beatles – A Hard Day’s Night
06 Cilla Black – You’re My World
07 Cilla Black – Anyone Who Had A Heart
08 The Searchers – Needles And Pins
09 The Honeycombs – Have I The Right?
10 Manfred Mann – Do Wah Diddy Diddy
11 Herman’s Hermits – I’m Into Something Good
12 Dave Clark Five – Glad All Over
13 The Bachelors – Diane
14 The Rolling Stones – It’s All Over Now
15 The Beatles – Can’t Buy Me Love
16 Billy J Kramer & The Dakotas – Little Children
17 The Bachelors – I Believe
18 The Beatles – I Want To Hold Your Hand
19 Julie Rogers – The Wedding
20 Peter & Gordon – World Without Love
21 The Four Pennies – Juliet
22 Millie – My Boy Lollipop
23 Brian Poole & The Tremeloes – Someone, Someone
24 The Swinging Blue Jeans – Hippy Hippy Shake
25 Sandie Shaw – (There’s) Always Something There To Remind Me
26 The Kinks – You Really Got Me
27 The Searchers – Don’t Throw Your Love Away
28 The Supremes – Baby Love
29 Gerry & The Pacemakers – I’m The One
30 The Supremes – Where Did Our Love Go
31 Dave Clark Five – Bits And Pieces
32 The Bachelors – I Wouldn’t Trade You For The World
33 The Four Seasons – Rag Doll
34 The Beatles – I Feel Fine
35 The Rolling Stones – Not Fade Away
36 The Animals – House Of The Rising Sun
37 The Hollies – Just One Look
38 Matt Monro – Walk Away
39 The Merseybeats – I Think Of You
40 The Barron Knights – Call Up The Groups
41 Petula Clark – Downtown
42 Gene Pitney – I’m Gonna Be Strong
43 Gene Pitney – Twenty Four Hours From Tulsa
44 PJ Proby – Hold Me
45 Dusty Springfield – I Just Don’t Know What To Do With Myself
46 Brenda Lee – As Usual
47 The Kinks – All Day And All Of The Night
48 Dusty Springfield – I Only Want To Be With You
49 The Searchers – When You Walk In The Room
50 Cliff Richard – Constantly
51 Val Doonican – Walk Tall
52 The Rolling Stones – Little Red Rooster
53 The Beatles – She Loves You
54 Mary Wells – My Guy
55 The Nashville Teens – Tobacco Road
56 The Rockin’ Berries – He’s In Town
57 The Shadows – Rise And Fall Of Flingel Bunt
58 Wayne Fontana & The Mindbenders – Um Um Um Um Um Um
59 The Bachelors – Ramona
60 Cliff Richard – On The Beach
61 The Swinging Blue Jeans – You’re No Good
62 Manfred Mann – Sha La La
63 Manfred Mann – 5-4-3-2-1
64 Dave Berry – The Crying Game
65 Doris Day – Move Over Darling
66 The Beach Boys – I Get Around
67 Louis Armstrong – Hello, Dolly!
68 Marianne Faithfull – As Tears Go By
69 Chuck Berry – No Particular Place To Go
70 Dionne Warwick – Walk On By
71 Applejacks – Tell Me When
72 Eden Kane – Boys Cry
73 The Fourmost – A Little Loving
74 Brian Poole & The Tremeloes – Candy Man
75 Gene Pitney – That Girl Belongs To Yesterday
76 The Hollies – Here I Go Again
77 Frank Ifield – Don’t Blame Me
78 The Ronettes – Baby I Love You
79 Lulu & The Luvvers – Shout
80 Big Dee Irwin – Swinging On A Star
81 Gerry & The Pacemakers – Don’t Let The Sun Catch You Crying
82 The Hollies – We’re Through
83 Jim Reeves – There’s A Heartache Following Me
84 Dean Martin – Everybody Loves Somebody
85 Gigliola Cinquetti – Non Ho L’Eta Per Amarti
86 Dave Clark Five – Can’t You See That She’s Mine
87 The Hollies – Stay
88 Freddie & The Dreamers – I Understand
89 Cilla Black – It’s For You
90 The Migil Five – Mocking Bird Hill
91 Cliff Richard – Twelfth Of Never
92 Dusty Springfield – Losing You
93 PJ Proby – Together
94 The Animals – I’m Crying
95 Elvis Presley – Kissin’ Cousins
96 Peter & Gordon – Nobody I Know
97 Kathy Kirby – Let Me Go Lover
98 Henry Mancini Orchestra – How Soon?
99 The Zombies – She’s Not There
100 The Mojos – Everything’s Alright
Top Twenty TV Shows in 1964 were
1. Steptoe and Son (BBC)
2. Sunday Palladium (ITV)
3. Coronation Street (ITV)
4. Dick Powell Theatre (BBC)
5. Take Your Pick (ITV)
6. Royal Variety Show (BBC)
7. No Hiding Place (ITV)
8. Armchair Theatre (ITV)
9. It’s Tarbuck (ITV)
10. Crane (ITV)
11. Stars and Garters (ITV)
12. Double Your Money (ITV)
13. Emergency Ward Ten (ITV)
14. Around the Beatles (ITV)
15. Frank Ifield Show (ITV)
16. The Avengers (ITV)
17. Christmas Comedy (ITV)
18. Miss World 1964 (ITV)
19. Max Bygraves (ITV)
20. Love Story (ITV)
That Was the Year That Was – 1965